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What are the different types of security testing?

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While developing software, the QA teams take up every required step in order to make the developed product efficient. The developed software should meet the requirements related to functional, performance, and especially meet the security standards.

In the present era, the software has become a regular and important need for everyone, and thus protecting the user data from breaches has become crucial. To mitigate such breaches or data loss, the QA teams should effectively practice the different types of security testing to secure the application.

Security is one of the important features even for software. Applications hold sensitive information of their users such as account information, credentials, personal information, etc., hence it becomes crucial for the apps to secure the data from breaches. Data loss or breaches can affect the app’s future, decrease the interest among users, and ultimately affect the enterprise’s brand.

In order to mitigate these effects, it becomes necessary for test engineers to adopt security testing practices. There is a list of security testing type and each testing type is different having its specific functionalities.

What is security testing?

Security testing is one of the software testing types that helps in mitigating the threats, vulnerabilities, and protect the application from software breaches or malicious attacks. The purpose of security testing is to identify the application’s weaknesses and mitigate them to enhance the application’s productivity, enterprise revenue, etc.

With the security testing methodology, testers can identify potential threats and fix them through proper coding. This effectively helps the app to function properly without any attacks or exploitation.

7 Types of Security Testing 

  • Security Scanning: This type of security testing is practiced to identify the bugs related to network and system weaknesses. Security scanning can be performed by both methods, i.e. by automated testing and manual testing. 
  • Risk Assessment: In this testing type, security risks that are affecting organizations are identified. These security risks are generally termed as low, medium, and high. 
  • Vulnerability Scanning: This method of scanning helps to identify vulnerabilities by performing automated software testing practices. 
  • Penetration Testing: This analysis helps in identifying the potential vulnerabilities for an external hacker. 
  • Ethical Hacking: This process involves hacking the software systems of the organization. In this method, unlike malicious hackers, hacking is practiced in a professional manner to identify the security flaws in the application. This helps to highlight the overall risks and vulnerabilities and suggest improvements. 
  • Posture Assessment: This method is a combination of security scanning, risk assessment, and ethical hacking. With this method, the overall security posture of an organization can be measured. 
  • Security Auditing: It is a process like an internal inspection of operating systems and applications to identify the security flaws.


Internet is a vast channel providing a gateway to learn and also welcoming hackers to attack software. To overcome vulnerabilities such as loss of sensitive data or loss of money and make sure that the developed app is functioning as per the needed functionalities, it is crucial for the testing teams to practice the different types of security testing. Leverage security testing services from independent QA testing services provider to ensure that the developed product is guaranteed with security.